The Bible in Technology (BIT) is a series that explores the intersection between biblical studies and computer technology. It also includes studies that address the application of computer technology to cognate fields of ancient history. The series provides a forum for presenting and discussing advancements in this area, such as new software or techniques for analyzing biblical materials, online projects, and teaching resources. The series also seeks to reflect on the contribution and impact of computer technology on biblical research and teaching methods.There are also some details of a forthcoming volume by Bob Cargill:
Tentative Title: Qumran through (Real) Time: A Virtual Reconstruction of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls
About the Book:The nature of the settlement of Khirbet Qumran has been at the center of archaeological debate since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in nearby caves. Recent research and publications have renewed questions regarding Roland de Vaux’s initial conclusions about Qumran: that the site was built and occupied by the Essenes, who composed the Dead Sea Scrolls there. This book examines the history of interpretation of the settlement at Qumran and introduces a new digital methodology for examining archaeological sites using virtual reconstruction. The process catalogues archaeological data as geometry and allows for the juxtaposition of competing architectural interpretations using “dataswitches” in addition to showing diachronic developments using “dateswitches.” A fully interactive, three-dimensional, real-time, virtual reconstruction of Qumran serves as the test case for the use of this technology.
It is concluded that after an initial Iron Age occupation, the site of Qumran was established as a fortress during the Hasmonean period. This fortress was then abandoned and reoccupied by a small religious community that expanded the site in a communal, non-military manner. The research concludes that the archaeological data do not eliminate the possibility that a sectarian group, with a keen concern for ritual purity, and participating in agricultural, industrial, and scribal endeavors took up residence in the former fortress. The book concludes that this group was ultimately responsible for much of the library of documents found in the nearby caves, commonly known as the Dead Sea Scrolls.
About the Author: Dr. Robert Cargill (B.S., CSU Fresno; M.S., M.Div., Pepperdine; M.A., Ph.D., UCLA) is an archaeologist and biblical scholar specializing in Northwest Semitic languages and Near Eastern archaeology of the Second Temple period, and is a leading proponent of the use of digital modeling and virtual reality to reconstruct archaeological remains. Dr. Cargill serves as the Chief Architect and Designer of the Qumran Visualization Project, a 3D, real-time, virtual reconstruction of the site of Qumran. He has participated in numerous archaeological field excavations, including Banias (ancient Caesarea Philippi), Omrit, and Hazor, and has produced digital reconstructions of sites including Qumran, Ugarit, and Jaffa.